Aplastic Anemia (a-PLAS-tik uh-NEE-me-uh) is a blood disorder in which the body's bone marrow doesn't make enough new blood cells. Bone marrow is a sponge-like tissue inside the bones. It makes stem cells that develop into red blood cells, white blood cells, and Platelets (PLATE-lets).
When a person has Aplastic Anemia, Their bone marrow does not create the blood cells it needs. This causes them to feel ill and increases their risk of getting infections.
Sometimes it stops making just one type, but more often you become low on all three : Red and white cells, and Platelets.
Anemia is also linked to cancer in some cases — both in terms of anemia being a symptom and in terms of cancer treatment. Both Radiation and Chemotherapy can cause anemia.
Symptoms of Aplastic Anemia include :
Aplastic Anemia Depends on many factors, including:
Age : Younger people usually have better treatment outcomes than older people.
The Donor : Those who receive bone marrow from a sibling tend to have better outcomes than those receiving bone marrow from a non-related donor. Advancements in testing methods are helping change this, However.
Overall Health : Those who have other chronic medical conditions may have a more complex treatment plan.