A Sarcoma is a rare kind of cancer. Sarcomas are different from the much more common carcinomas because they happen in a different kind of tissue. Sarcomas grow in connective tissue cells that connect or support other kinds of tissue in your body.
Soft tissue Sarcomas originate in the soft tissues of the body and are most commonly found in the arms, legs, chest or abdomen. Soft tissue tumors can occur in children and adults.
This includes muscle, fat, blood vessels, nerves, tendons and the lining of your joints.
Signs and Symptoms of Sarcoma include :
A lump that can be felt through the skin that may or may not be painful
A Fever of Unknown Origin
Sarcoma Treatments :
Surgery : Takes the tumor out of your body. In most cases of osteosarcoma, the doctor can remove just the cancer cells, and you won't need your arm or leg removed, too.
Radiation : A person may have this before or after surgery to destroy cancer cells.
Chemotherapy : Chemotherapy appears to be more effective in treating bone sarcoma than soft tissue sarcoma. Chemotherapy can kill cancer cells that remain after surgery.
Targeted Therapies : Targeted Therapies are newer treatments that use drugs or manmade versions of antibodies from the immune system to block the growth of cancer cells while leaving normal cells undamaged.
Risk of Factors Sarcoma include :
Inherited Syndromes : Some syndromes that increase the risk of cancer can be passed from parents to children. Examples of syndromes that increase the risk of sarcoma include familial retinoblastoma and neurofibromatosis type 1.
Radiation Therapy for Cancer : Radiation treatment for cancer increases the risk of developing a sarcoma later.
Exposure to Chemicals : Certain chemicals, such as some industrial chemicals and herbicides, can increase the risk of sarcoma that affects the liver.
Chronic Swelling (lymphedema) : Lymphedema is swelling caused by a backup of lymph fluid that occurs when the lymphatic system is blocked or damaged. It increases the risk of a type of sarcoma called angiosarcoma.