Thrombocytopenia is a condition in which you have a Low Blood Platelet Count. Platelets (thrombocytes) are colorless blood cells that help blood clot. Platelets stop bleeding by clumping and forming plugs in blood vessel injuries.
Thrombocytopenia might occur as a result of a bone marrow disorder such as leukemia or an immune system problem. Or it can be a side effect of taking certain medications. It affects both children and adults.
Thrombocytopenia has many causes. One of the most common causes of Low Platelets Count is a condition called Immune Thrombocytopenia (ITP). You may hear it called by its old name, idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura. A healthy person usually has a platelet count of 150,000 to 400,000. You have thrombocytopenia if your number falls under 150,000.
Thrombocytopenia can run in families, but you can also get it from many medical conditions. Treating the medical condition may improve ITP. Platelets are important for normal blood clotting.
Thrombocytopenia Signs and Symptoms may include :
Easy or Excessive Bruising (purpura)
Prolonged Bleeding from Cuts
Bleeding from your Gums or Nose
Blood in Urine or Stools
Platelets are produced in your bone marrow. Factors that can decrease platelet production include :